Uveitis (sometime referred to as iritis) is an inflammation of the uvea, which is a well vascularized structure inside the eye. Iris (the"colored part of the eye") is a visible part of the uvea. The remaining uvea is"hidden" between the retina and the sclera (the"white part of the eye"). Uveitis may be a serious vision threatening condition that may result in permanent vision loss or blindness if not treated adequately. The treatment of uveitis depends on etiology, which can be determined only after detailed evaluation and work up. Most uveitis cases in US are responding to topical corticosteroids. In more serious cases, oral corticosteroids are used and the condition can become chronic or recurring. It is important to recognize the need for alternative medications to reduce chances for vision loss and reduce steroid side effects including cataract, glaucoma, osteoporosis, diabetes, stomach ulcer, weight gain, mood swings and high blood pressure. Unlike corticosteroids, most alternative medications typically have a higher chance of inducing a long term remission, i.e. a state when a patient is free of recurrent episodes of inflammation, after the medication is discontinued.